Several Assumptions, Critiques, and Questions To Be Addressed
John Major Jenkins. April 2011
I. The assumption that the Maya could not be aware of the
Here, modern astronomers take a precise abstract definition
In 1999 I sent to the academic e-list called Aztlan an “Open Letter to Mayanists
and Astronomers.” (It is here: http://www.alignment2012.com/openletter.htm.)
In it, I noted that the crossing point of the Milky Way and the ecliptic was a
known feature in the Maya Creation Mythology and elsewhere — and it falls
within the nuclear bulge of the
II: The idea that the GMT correlation is not agreed upon universally.
Yes, it’s true; scholars will always disagree.
However, those in disagreement are demonstrably avoiding the evidence. Those
who discount the entire “GMT family” reject the evidence and
arguments for continuity of the 260-day count in Highland
Popular writers have proposed alternate end dates, based on completely fallacious arguments. In the case of Carl Calleman’s 2011 end date, I debated Calleman in a lengthy exchange in late 2001, which is posted on Geoff Stray’s website. So, I’ve dealt with this question in all my books and in many online web pages. The misunderstandings arise from inadequate understanding of the Maya calendars, how they interface, and the importance of the surviving 260-day calendar as a litmus test for any proposed correlation. The newest evidence for the equation 22.214.171.124.0 = December 21, 2012 comes from looking at astronomy in the dated inscriptions. For example, in an article published in 2000 in the IMS newsletter, I showed that the 126.96.36.199.0 date on Copan Stela C positions the sun right at the dark rift & Crossroads of the Milky Way and the ecliptic — and the iconography on the monument shows the solar lord standing in the caiman jaws (sun in dark rift). This article was also published in my 2002 book Galactic Alignment, and was summarized in The 2012 Story (2009).
III. Assumption / critique that my “methodology is free-floating.” See http://www.alignment2012.com/chapter3.html.
This a common trope thrown up by those who don’t take the time to actually engage with the evidence and arguments I present. It’s a lazy, dismissal off the cuff. It suggests that one just willy-nilly cherry picks what works to support ones argument from a vast array of data. If one actually looks at my arguments, one can see that I examine the artifacts and sites that should be revealing of Long Count origins or concepts connected to 2012. Thus, I examined Izapa, I examined the Creation Myth, I examined the mathematical properties of the Long Count, I examined Tortuguero Monument 6. In addition, I documented and integrate multiple sets of evidence from different disciplines to show parallel lines of evidence converging on support for my findings. This is the work of scholarship. Again, this kind of critique is a red herring, designed to distract while the critic continues to lazily avoid engaging with the evidence presented. A good example of the cherry picking argument is found in the MEC-Facebook debate; one can read my summary in the Dec 19 post to my blog http://johnmajorjenkins.com
IV. The assumption that astronomical features, such as the dark-rift, should have only one conceptual reference
This idea is simply not the way that the Maya interface with and record reality. They are always seeking multiply meanings in how they represent their experiences. The dark rift could be a mouth, a road, a cave, a birthplace, a hole, the goalring, etc. This kind of multidimensional cosmologizing is indeed a problem for many modern thinkers who are steeped in a literalized worldview in which one thing must be defined with only one designation. In conversation with some of these critics, I’ve confirmed that they don’t know what a metaphor is. Shocking but true; the cognitive processing is just not there.
V. Schele’s discussion of a
20th baktun reference at
That Pakal referenced a 20th baktun in the far future in no way mitigates the importance of the 13th baktun ending, or even a 13 baktun cycle concept. First of all, there is already attested evidence for the Maya conceiving of the calendar resetting at 13 baktuns. Every single Long Count date must count back to 188.8.131.52.0 = 0.0.0.0.0 in 3114 BC. And the Creation texts call that date the end of a cycle of 13. The 20th baktun date was used by Pakal purely for rhetorical purposes; it means that Maya kings liked to relate themselves to big period ending sin the calendar. Bahlam Ajaw also did this with the 13th baktun on Tortuguero Monument 6. Schele posted her comments on Aztlan in 1996; my response to her was posted on my website and was also published as one of the appendices in Maya Cosmogenesis 2012 (1998). I also discussed this in my 2009 book The 2012 Story.
VI. Schele’s Orion glyph vs. my upturned frog mouth glyph (on Stela 11 Izapa).
I discussed this in Maya
Cosmogenesis 2012 and elsewhere. It’s
basically that the frog mouth glyph means “to be born” and can be
seen, in early iconographic form, on Stela 11 and
elsewhere. Equally as compelling as the hearthstone argument
VII. Why does modern science ignore this; and why did the
This was taken up in my book Galactic Alignment. Reconstructing ancient traditions and drawing
from the unpublished work of Ananda Coomaraswamy that I secured from the
VIII. The “solstice gateways” in Neoplatonic philosophy as a key.
The gateways of Neoplatonism in the work of Rene Guenon and Jean Richer were briefly discussed in chapters in my 2002 book Galactic Alignment. A late appendix that didn’t make it into the published version of that book was posted on my website in late 2002: http://www.alignment2012.com/polar-to-solar.html. I also expanded this research into an examination of the Neoplatonic sources of William Blake’s symbolism in a presentation I gave in Whistler, Canada, at the first annual Conference of Precession and Ancient Knowledge (October 2004). The Neoplatonic gateways, being located at the Crossroads, was also presented in an article I wrote for New Dawn magazine in 2006 or 2007.
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As can be seen, these questions have been explored thoroughly in many different books and articles. Thank you for the invitation to return to and update this page. It’s in the nature of being a creative person nurturing many different projects and obligations that some things don’t get complete. On rare occasions I’ve treated my website as a workshop in which informational web pages get tossed up and then fine-tuned over months or years. More usually, completed pages are just posted. JMJ – April 2, 2011.